Matthew Brady

Mathew B. Brady (May 18, 1822 – January 15, 1896) was one of the first American photographers. He studied under inventor Samuel F. B. Morse, who pioneered the daguerreotype technique in America. Brady opened his own studio in New York in 1844, and photographed Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, among other celebrities. When the Civil War started, his use of a mobile studio and darkroom enabled vivid battlefield photographs that brought home the reality of war to the public.  The thousands of photographs which Mathew Brady’s photographers (such as Alexander Gardner and Timothy O’Sullivan) took have become the most important visual documentation of the Civil War, and have helped historians and the public better understand the era – wikipedia

I’ve always loved looking at some of these old portraits of historic figures of the past. In the early days of photography, Matthew Brady had a simple “shutter”. When they were ready to expose the film, they simply removed the lens cap by hand and then put it back on after a predetermined length of time. Since the photographic plates used in those days were not very sensitive, exposures of five or ten minutes were common. – NYIP

photos by Matthew Brady

First Photographs

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This is the first photo ever produced of a person (lower left) by Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre in 1839 on a daguerreotype – a silver-plated sheet of copper. He did this with a wood box with a lens on one end that produces an image onto a frosted sheet of glass on the other end. He revealed this process and some of his images publicly on August 19, 1839 (my Birthday!). Most of his photos were of still-life subjects, but this long exposure photo captured a person near a road in Paris. It appears he is getting his shoe shined. Below is the first ever photograph produced that is in existence today. It was made by Nicéphore Niépce in 1827 and is called Point de vue du Gras (View from the Window at Le Gras).

Point de vue du Gras

Point de vue du Gras

 

Point_de_vue_du_Gras_by_Niépce,_1826

Close up of the original plate

Michael Doven


I like to showcase different photographers I learn about. Michael Doven is a graduate of the New York Institute of Photography and his photos are used in some of the lessons that are provided. He is currently a world renowned photographer and his work includes many films in Hollywood. Here are a couple videos showcasing his work.

New York Institute of Photography

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* – from NYIP

 Three Basic Guidelines for Great Photographs

1. A good photograph has a clear subject

Every photograph is about someone or something. It may even tell a story about the subject. Whoever looks at the photo immediately sees this subject. It is clear and unambiguous. We sometimes call the subject a theme.

2. A good photograph focuses attention on the subject

The viewer’s eye is immediately drawn to the subject.

3. A good photograph simplifies

The photograph includes only those elements that draw the eye to the subject, and it excludes or diminishes those elements that might draw the eye away from the subject.